Scala's Future.sequence in Java
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Scala's Future.sequence in Java

Published on 16 October 2019

I have been using Scala and its Future for years now. One of the nice things about them is how you can chain them using Future#flatMap. And how a List of Future can be brought into one Future containig a List with Future.sequence[A](list: List[Future[A]]): Future[List[A]] (simplified, as the real implementation can work with most of the Scala’s standard collection library).

The other day I had to implements something quite similar in Java using CompletableFuture, and because sequence is not part of the standard library in Java, I had to reimplement it as well. This post is basically a remember how to do this in the future.

And after this longer than intended intro, here is the code:

import java.util.List;
import java.util.concurrent.CompletableFuture;

public static <T> CompletableFuture<List<T>> sequence(List<CompletableFuture<T>> futuresList) {
    return CompletableFuture
            .allOf(futuresList.toArray(new CompletableFuture[0])) // (1)
            .thenApply(v ->

This can be copy-pasted into an utility class in your project directly. A couple of notes I had when writing the snippet:

  1. CompletableFuture.allOf only take an array as argument, so unfortunately we have to allocate to transform from a List to an array.
  2. CompletableFuture::join only blocks when the future is not resolved. Because we call it in the lambda passed to thenApply, the list of futures is guaranteed to not contained any non resolved futures.

That’s all folks!